DEFINITION OF CAD/CAM/CAE

Design and Development - Comments Off - Posted on February, 4 at 12:59 pm

Computer Aided Design – CAD

CAD is technology concerned with using computer systems to assist in the creation, modification, analysis, and optimization of a design. Any computer program that embodies computer graphics and an application program facilitating engineering functions in design process can be classified as CAD software.

The most basic role of CAD is to define the geometry of design – a mechanical part, a product assembly, an architectural structure, an electronic circuit, a building layout, etc. The greatest benefits of CAD systems are that they can save considerable time and reduce errors caused by otherwise having to redefine the geometry of the design from scratch every time it is needed.

Computer Aided Manufacturing – CAM

CAM technology involves computer systems that plan, manage, and control the manufacturing operations through computer interface with the plant’s production resources. One of the most important areas of CAM is numerical control (NC). This is the technique of using programmed instructions to control a machine tool, which cuts, mills, grinds, punches or turns raw stock into a finished part. Another significant CAM function is in the programming of robots. Process planning is also a target of computer automation.

Computer Aided Engineering – CAE

CAE technology uses a computer system to analyze the functions of a CAD-created product, allowing designers to simulate and study how the product will behave so that the design can be refined and optimized. CAE tools are available for a number of different types of analyses. For example, kinematic analysis programs can be used to determine motion paths and linkage velocities in mechanisms. Dynamic analysis programs can be used to determine loads and displacements in complex assemblies such as automobiles. One of the most popular methods of analyses is using a Finite Element Method (FEM). This approach can be used to determine stress, deformation, heat transfer, magnetic field distribution, fluid flow, and other continuous field problems that are often too tough to solve with any other approach.

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